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Der Landkreis Adenau konnte nicht die benötigte Anzahl an Arbeitern aufbringen. Zur Unterbringung dieser Arbeiter wurden Baracken errichtet.

September fand die offizielle Grundsteinlegung statt, die Johannes Fuchs durchführte. Namensgeber war die Burgruine Nürburg bzw. Zu Beginn des Jahres waren über 2.

Insgesamt leisteten sie etwa Sie wurde mit einer Auflage von Die ersten Fahrten auf fertiggestellten Abschnitten des Nürburgrings wurden am Bereits zwei Jahre nach Baubeginn konnte der Nürburgring eröffnet werden.

Die Premiere war am Samstag, Dieser befand die erste Gebirgs-, Renn- und Prüfungsstrecke mit ihren vielen Kurven, Gefällen und Sprunghügeln als bärig schwer.

Der Höhenunterschied zwischen den Streckenabschnitten bei Breidscheid einerseits und der Hohen Acht bzw. Zudem gab es die weniger bekannte, 7,7 Kilometer lange Südschleife , die durch die Gemarkung Müllenbach führte.

Die enge Strecke mit Hecken an vielen Stellen unmittelbar am Fahrbahnrand geriet seit Ende der er-Jahre angesichts der immer schnelleren Fahrzeuge zunehmend in die Kritik.

Dieser Hochgeschwindigkeitskurs war nach dem tödlichen Unfall von Jim Clark umgebaut worden, wobei insbesondere Schutzplanken zum Einsatz kamen, die am dreimal so langen Nürburgring noch fehlten.

Bedingt durch die Hanglage konnten an vielen Stellen jedoch keine der geforderten breiten Auslaufzonen angelegt werden, da dies enorme Erdbewegungen erfordert hätte.

Zudem hatten die Ambulanzen bei Unfällen immer kilometerlange Wege zurückzulegen. Die kürzere Südschleife wurde nicht umgebaut und ab Mitte der er-Jahre gar nicht mehr für Rundstreckenrennen benutzt.

Dafür fanden mehrere Bergrennen mit Start in Müllenbach statt. So stand schon vorher fest, dass die Formel 1 aufgrund dieser Sicherheitsmängel ihren letzten Lauf auf dem Nürburgring am 1.

August austragen würde. Dieses Rennen wurde dann zusätzlich vom schweren Feuerunfall Niki Laudas überschattet, der aber nicht, wie immer noch häufig und gerne kolportiert wird, ursächlich für die endgültige Verlegung des FormelRennens nach Hockenheim war.

Nachdem die Formel 1 ab nur noch in Hockenheim fuhr und andere internationale Serien auch abzuwandern drohten, wurden die Möglichkeiten einer Erneuerung des Nürburgrings diskutiert.

Die ursprüngliche Südschleife wurde aufgegeben und in öffentlichen Verkehrsbereich umgewidmet bzw. Sieger wurde jedoch der damals noch wenig bekannte brasilianische FormelNeuling Ayrton Senna , der den ursprünglich für seinen Landsmann Emerson Fittipaldi vorgesehenen Wagen übernommen hatte und dem es als einzigem gelang, sich nicht von dem ohne Training aus der letzten Reihe gestarteten Niki Lauda überholen zu lassen.

Diese engere Streckenführung verringert die Geschwindigkeit der Fahrzeuge deutlich. Darüber hinaus wurde hier eine gesonderte Streckenführung für Motorradrennen eingerichtet.

Zudem wurde die Boxenanlage komplett neu gebaut, mit insgesamt 33 Garagen, die so hoch sind, dass sie sich auch für Trucks eignen.

Im Gegenzug wechselte die Motorrad-Weltmeisterschaft in den er-Jahren für einige Läufe von Hockenheim in die Eifel, fährt aber seit am Sachsenring.

Die Distanz betrug nach dem Umbau jeweils 60 Runden bzw. Da die Namensrechte dafür beim Automobilclub von Deutschland liegen, fand dieser Grand Prix erst wieder auf dem Hockenheimring statt.

Im Januar warf der rheinland-pfälzische Rechnungshof den Rennstreckenbetreibern Missmanagement vor. Die Gesamtkosten pro Grand Prix würden jährlich um etwa zehn Prozent steigen.

Schumacher kam persönlich zur Taufe der Kurve am Trotzdem erlitten einige Piloten im Lauf der Jahre auch dort schwere oder gar tödliche Verletzungen, was aber kaum dem Zustand der Rennstrecke anzulasten war.

Seit der Saison wird der deutsche Lauf zur Superbike-Weltmeisterschaft auf dem Nürburgring ausgetragen. Gesamtstrecke —, 2.

Umbauwelle, u. Anbindung Südschleife. Hier befinden sich bis zu Autos unterschiedlicher Modifikationsgrade, Hubraum- und Antriebsklassen gleichzeitig im Rennen, wobei sich rund Fahrer Amateure und Profis an den Lenkrädern ablösen.

Eine der wichtigsten Veranstaltungen der europäischen Oldtimer -Szene mit bis zu Parallel dazu treffen sich viele Oldtimer-Clubs auf den Parkplätzen rund um den Nürburgring.

Genutzt wird die gesamte Strecke auch für Sportfahrerlehrgänge , bei denen Rennfahreraspiranten und Rennsport-Interessierte die Ideallinie auf dem Ring erlernen können, für Testfahrten der Automobil-Industrie und der Presse sowie für vieldiskutierte Rekordrunden.

Für August wurde dieser Mixed Surface Track reaktiviert, damit hier zukünftig auch ein Lauf zur Rallycross-Weltmeisterschaft stattfinden kann.

Wertungsprüfungen der Rallye Köln-Ahrweiler führen alljährlich über die Reste der Südschleife sowie in umgekehrter Fahrtrichtung über die Nordschleife.

Gefahren wurde entgegen der üblichen Richtung hoch zu Start und Ziel. Da dann die Rückführung weiter im Kreis zurück nach Müllenbach führte, war ein unterbrechungsloser Betrieb möglich.

Solche Bergrennen konnten innerhalb eines Tages mit allen Trainings- und Wertungsläufen durchgeführt werden. Formula 1 returns to the Nürburgring this year.

In constructive conversations, the race As the operator, we are aware of our responsibility for the health of all visitors and we monitor the current developments related to the It was the weekend of premieres at the Nürburgring.

For the first time in its history, the Nürburgring Endurance Series started with two races on one weekend. In addition, on Saturday and Sunday, one team each took its first Subscribe to your own personal Nürburgring newsletter now!

Alle Events am Ring findest Du hier. Hier die aktuellen Öffnungszeiten für Touristenfahrten. Subscribe to Newsletter. It soon became apparent that it would have to be completely overhauled if there was any prospect of Formula One returning there- the Nurburgring's administration and race organizers were not willing to provide the enormous expense of providing the amount of marshals needed for a Grand Prix- up to 6 times the amount that most other circuits needed.

With this in mind, in work began on a 4. During qualifying for that race, the late Stefan Bellof set a lap of This lap held the all-time record for 35 years partially because no major racing has taken place there since until it was surpassed by Timo Bernhard in the Porsche Hybrid Evo, which ran the slightly longer version of the circuit in Meanwhile, more run-off areas were added at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen, where originally there were just embankments protected by Armco barriers.

The track surface was made safer in some spots where there had been nasty bumps and jumps. Racing line markers were added to the corners all around the track as well.

Also, bushes and hedges at the edges of corners were taken out and replaced with Armco and grass. It is now mostly gone in part due to the construction of the new circuit or converted to a normal public road, but since a vintage car event has been hosted on the old track layout, including part of the parking area.

It was built to meet the highest safety standards. However, it was considered in character a mere shadow of its older sibling.

Some fans, who had to sit much farther away from the track, called it Eifelring , Ersatzring , Grünering or similar nicknames, believing it did not deserve to be called Nürburgring.

Like many circuits of the time, it offered few overtaking opportunities. To celebrate its opening, an exhibition race was held, on 12 May, featuring an array of notable drivers.

Driving identical Mercedes E 2. Senna won ahead of Lauda, Reutemann, Rosberg, Watson, Hulme and Jody Scheckter, being the only one to resist Lauda's performance who — having missed the qualifying — had to start from the last row and overtook all the others except Senna.

Besides other major international events, the Nürburgring has seen the brief return of Formula One racing, as the European Grand Prix was held at the track, followed by the German Grand Prix.

As F1 did not stay, other events were the highlights at the new Nürburgring, including the km Nürburgring , DTM , motorcycles, and newer types of events, like truck racing , vintage car racing at the AvD "Oldtimer Grand Prix", and even the " Rock am Ring " concerts.

Following the success and first world championship of Michael Schumacher , a second German F1 race was held at the Nürburgring between and , called the European Grand Prix , or in and , the Luxembourg Grand Prix.

Also, a slow Omega -shaped section was inserted, on the site of the former kart track. Both the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring events have been losing money due to high and rising Formula One license fees charged by Bernie Ecclestone and low attendance due to high ticket prices [8] [9] [ citation needed ] ; starting with the Formula One season , Hockenheim and Nürburgring will alternate for hosting of the German GP.

In Formula One, Ralf Schumacher collided with his teammate Giancarlo Fisichella and his brother at the start of the race which was won by Jacques Villeneuve.

In , in changing conditions, Johnny Herbert managed to score the only win for the team of former Ringmeister Jackie Stewart.

One of the highlights of the season was Kimi Räikkönen 's spectacular exit while in the last lap of the race , when his suspension gave way after being rattled lap after lap by a flat-spotted tyre that was not changed due to the short-lived 'one set of tyres' rule.

Due to name-licensing problems, it was held as the European Grand Prix that year. In , the new owners of the Nürburgring were unable to secure a deal to continue hosting the German Grand Prix in the odd numbered years, so the and German Grands Prix were cancelled.

In July , it was announced that after seven years, the race track would be an official Formula One Grand Prix with the event taking place from 9 to 11 October This race will be called the Eifel Grand Prix in honour of the nearby mountain range meaning the venue will hold a Grand Prix under a fourth different name having hosted races under the German , European and Luxembourg Grands Prix titles previously.

While it is unusual for deaths to occur during sanctioned races, there are many accidents and several deaths each year during public sessions.

It is common for the track to be closed several times a day for cleanup, repair, and medical intervention. While track management does not publish any official figures, several regular visitors to the track have used police reports to estimate the number of fatalities at somewhere between 3 and 12 in a full year.

Several touring car series still compete on the Nordschleife , using either only the simple Entry-level competition requires a regularity test GLP for street-legal cars.

Automotive media outlets and manufacturers use the Nordschleife as a standard to publish their lap times achieved with their production vehicles.

About 45, spectators showed up for the main event, the third four-hour VLN race of the season. Conceived largely as a photo opportunity, the lap times were not as fast as the car was capable of, BMW instead choosing to run the chassis at a particularly high ride height to allow for the Nordschleife' s abrupt gradient changes and to limit maximum speeds accordingly.

As part of the festivities before the 24 Hours Nürburgring race, Michael Schumacher and other Mercedes-Benz drivers took part in a promotional event which saw Schumacher complete a demonstration lap of the Nordschleife at the wheel of a Mercedes W Since its opening in , the track has been used by the public for the so-called Touristenfahrten , i.

It is opened every day of the week, except when races take place. The track may be closed for weeks during the winter months, depending on weather conditions and maintenance work.

Passing on the right is prohibited, and some sections have speed limits; the normal traffic rules StVO in German apply also here.

The Nürburgring is a popular attraction for many driving enthusiasts and riders from all over the world, partly because of its history and the challenge it provides.

The lack of oncoming traffic and intersections sets it apart from regular roads, and the absence of a blanket speed limit is a further attraction. Normal ticket buyers on tourist days cannot quite complete a full lap of the On busier days, a mobile ticket barrier is installed on the main straight in order to reduce the length of queues at the fixed barriers.

This is open to all ticket holders. On rare occasions, it is possible to drive both the Nordschleife and the Grand Prix circuit combined.

Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time before the exit.

Normal, non-racing, non-timed driving accidents might be covered by driver's insurance, but it is increasingly common for UK insurers especially to insert exclusion clauses that mean drivers and riders on the Nürburgring only have third-party coverage [18] or are not covered at all.

Drivers who have crashed into the barriers, suffered mechanical failure or been otherwise required to be towed off track during Touristenfahrten sessions are referred to as having joined the "Bongard Club".

This nickname is derived from the name of the company which operates the large yellow recovery flatbed trucks which ferry those unfortunate drivers and their vehicles to the nearest exit.

Additionally, those found responsible for damage to the track or safety barriers are required to pay for repairs, along with the time and cost associated with personnel and equipment to address those damages, making any accident or breakdown a potentially expensive incident.

Because it is technically operated as a public toll road, failing to report an accident or instance where track surfaces are affected is considered unlawfully leaving the scene of an accident.

One of the original purposes of the Nordschleife was as a test track for auto manufacturers, and its demanding layout had been traditionally used as a proving ground.

Weekdays are often booked for so-called Industriefahrten for auto makers and the media. With the advent of the Internet, awareness of the Nordschleife has risen in Germany and abroad, in addition to publicity in print media.

In , Porsche reported that their new GT3 had lapped the Nürburgring in under eight minutes, and in subsequent years, manufacturers from overseas also showed up to test cars.

Some high-performance models are promoted with videotaped laps published on the web, and the claimed lap times are generating discussion.

Few of these supercars are actually entered in racing where the claims could be backed up. For sixteen weeks per year, the industry pool Industrie-Pool rents exclusive daytime use of the track for automotive development, and endurance testing.

In addition, during series 17 summer of Top Gear, James May was very critical of the ride quality of cars whose development processes included testing on the Nordschleife , saying that cars which were tested at Nordschleife got ruined.

Multiple layouts of the Nürburgring have been featured in video games, such as the Gran Turismo series , the Forza Motorsport series , iRacing and Assetto Corsa.

Grand Prix Legends , a historic racing simulator also included the Nürburgring on its roster of default Grand Prix tracks.

Other pastimes are hosted at the Nürburgring, such as the Rock am Ring , Germany's biggest rock music festival, attracting close to , rock fans each year since In , new commercial areas opened, including a hotel and shopping mall.

This meant there was to be a new owner in , unencumbered by the debts of the previous operation, with the circuit expected to return to profitability.

Düsseldorf -based Capricorn Development was the buyer. The company was to take full ownership of the Nürburgring on January 1, In May , the Nürburgring was set to hold the first Grüne Hölle Rock festival as a replacement for the Rock am Ring festival, [31] but the project did not take place.

The Nordschleife operates in a clockwise direction, and was formerly known for its abundance of sharp crests, causing fast-moving, firmly-sprung racing cars to jump clear off the track surface at many locations.

Although by no means the most fearsome, Flugplatz is perhaps the most aptly although coincidentally named and widely remembered. The name of this part of the track comes from a small airfield, which in the early years was located close to the track in this area.

The track features a very short straight that climbs sharply uphill for a short time, then suddenly drops slightly downhill, and this is immediately followed by two very fast right-hand kinks.

Manfred Winkelhock flipped his March Formula Two car at the same corner in This section of the track was renovated in [33] after an accident in which a Nissan GTR flew over the fence and killed a spectator.

Drivers are flat out for some time here. The Fuchsröhre is soon after the very fast downhill section succeeding the Flugplatz.

After negotiating a long right hand corner called Aremberg which is after Schwedenkreuz the road goes slightly uphill, under a bridge and then it plunges downhill, and the road switches back left and right and finding a point of reference for the racing line is difficult.

This whole sequence is flat out and then, the road climbs sharply uphill. The road then turns left and levels out at the same time; this is one of the many jumps of the Nürburgring where the car goes airborne.

This leads to the Adenauer Forst forest turns.

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In the full Nürburgring was used for the last time in major racing events, as future Grands Prix would be held only on the Nordschleife. Motorcycles and minor races primarily used the shorter and safer Südschleife.

Memorable pre-war races at the circuit featured the talents of early Ringmeister Ringmasters such as Rudolf Caracciola , Tazio Nuvolari and Bernd Rosemeyer.

On 5 August , during practice for the German Grand Prix, Phil Hill became the first person to complete a lap of the Nordschleife in under 9 minutes, with a lap of 8 minutes Over half a century later, even the highest performing road cars still have difficulty breaking 8 minutes without a professional race driver or one very familiar with the track.

Also, several rounds of the German motorcycle Grand Prix were held, mostly on the 7. The 24 Hours Nürburgring for touring car racing was added in By the late s, the Nordschleife and many other tracks were becoming increasingly dangerous for the latest generation of F1 cars.

Even this change, however, was not enough to keep Stewart from nicknaming it "The Green Hell" following his victory in the German Grand Prix amid a driving rainstorm and thick fog.

In , after the fatal crash of Piers Courage at Zandvoort , the F1 drivers decided at the French Grand Prix to boycott the Nürburgring unless major changes were made, as they did at Spa the year before.

The changes were not possible on short notice, and the German GP was moved to the Hockenheimring, which had already been modified.

In accordance with the demands of the F1 drivers, the Nordschleife was reconstructed by taking out some bumps, smoothing out some sudden jumps particularly at Brünnchen , and installing Armco safety barriers.

The track was made straighter, following the race line, which reduced the number of corners. The German GP could be hosted at the Nürburgring again, and was for another six years from to In the entrance into the dangerous and bumpy Kallenhard corner was made slower by adding another left-hand corner after the fast Metzgesfeld sweeping corner.

Safety was improved again later on, e. A second series of three more F1 races was held until For instance, by the s the German Grand Prix required five times the marshals and medical staff as a typical F1 race, something the German organizers were unwilling to provide.

Additionally, even with the modifications it was still possible for cars to become airborne off the track. The Nürburgring was also unsuitable for the burgeoning television market; its vast expanse made it almost impossible to effectively cover a race there.

As a result, early in the season it was decided that the race would be the last to be held on the old circuit. Niki Lauda , the reigning world champion and only person ever to lap the full 22,metre Lauda was not only concerned about the safety arrangements and the lack of marshals around the circuit, he also did not like the prospect of running the race in another rainstorm.

Usually when that happened, some parts of the circuit were wet and other parts were dry, which is what the conditions of the circuit were for that race.

The other drivers voted against the idea and the race went ahead. Lauda crashed in his Ferrari coming out of the left-hand kink before Bergwerk after a new magnesium component on his Ferrari's rear suspension failed.

He was badly burned as his car was still loaded with fuel in lap 2. Lauda was saved by the combined actions of fellow drivers Arturo Merzario , Guy Edwards , Brett Lunger , and Harald Ertl , rather than by the ill-equipped track marshals.

The crash also showed that the track's distances were too long for regular fire engines and ambulances, even though the " ONS -Staffel" was equipped with a Porsche rescue car, marked R.

The old Nürburgring never hosted another F1 race again, as the German Grand Prix was moved to the Hockenheimring for The German motorcycle Grand Prix was held for the last time on the old Nürburgring in , also permanently moving to Hockenheim.

By its very nature, the Nordschleife was impossible to make safe in its old configuration. It soon became apparent that it would have to be completely overhauled if there was any prospect of Formula One returning there- the Nurburgring's administration and race organizers were not willing to provide the enormous expense of providing the amount of marshals needed for a Grand Prix- up to 6 times the amount that most other circuits needed.

With this in mind, in work began on a 4. During qualifying for that race, the late Stefan Bellof set a lap of This lap held the all-time record for 35 years partially because no major racing has taken place there since until it was surpassed by Timo Bernhard in the Porsche Hybrid Evo, which ran the slightly longer version of the circuit in Meanwhile, more run-off areas were added at corners like Aremberg and Brünnchen, where originally there were just embankments protected by Armco barriers.

The track surface was made safer in some spots where there had been nasty bumps and jumps. Racing line markers were added to the corners all around the track as well.

Also, bushes and hedges at the edges of corners were taken out and replaced with Armco and grass.

It is now mostly gone in part due to the construction of the new circuit or converted to a normal public road, but since a vintage car event has been hosted on the old track layout, including part of the parking area.

It was built to meet the highest safety standards. However, it was considered in character a mere shadow of its older sibling.

Some fans, who had to sit much farther away from the track, called it Eifelring , Ersatzring , Grünering or similar nicknames, believing it did not deserve to be called Nürburgring.

Like many circuits of the time, it offered few overtaking opportunities. To celebrate its opening, an exhibition race was held, on 12 May, featuring an array of notable drivers.

Driving identical Mercedes E 2. Senna won ahead of Lauda, Reutemann, Rosberg, Watson, Hulme and Jody Scheckter, being the only one to resist Lauda's performance who — having missed the qualifying — had to start from the last row and overtook all the others except Senna.

Besides other major international events, the Nürburgring has seen the brief return of Formula One racing, as the European Grand Prix was held at the track, followed by the German Grand Prix.

As F1 did not stay, other events were the highlights at the new Nürburgring, including the km Nürburgring , DTM , motorcycles, and newer types of events, like truck racing , vintage car racing at the AvD "Oldtimer Grand Prix", and even the " Rock am Ring " concerts.

Following the success and first world championship of Michael Schumacher , a second German F1 race was held at the Nürburgring between and , called the European Grand Prix , or in and , the Luxembourg Grand Prix.

Also, a slow Omega -shaped section was inserted, on the site of the former kart track. Both the Nürburgring and the Hockenheimring events have been losing money due to high and rising Formula One license fees charged by Bernie Ecclestone and low attendance due to high ticket prices [8] [9] [ citation needed ] ; starting with the Formula One season , Hockenheim and Nürburgring will alternate for hosting of the German GP.

In Formula One, Ralf Schumacher collided with his teammate Giancarlo Fisichella and his brother at the start of the race which was won by Jacques Villeneuve.

In , in changing conditions, Johnny Herbert managed to score the only win for the team of former Ringmeister Jackie Stewart.

One of the highlights of the season was Kimi Räikkönen 's spectacular exit while in the last lap of the race , when his suspension gave way after being rattled lap after lap by a flat-spotted tyre that was not changed due to the short-lived 'one set of tyres' rule.

Due to name-licensing problems, it was held as the European Grand Prix that year. In , the new owners of the Nürburgring were unable to secure a deal to continue hosting the German Grand Prix in the odd numbered years, so the and German Grands Prix were cancelled.

In July , it was announced that after seven years, the race track would be an official Formula One Grand Prix with the event taking place from 9 to 11 October This race will be called the Eifel Grand Prix in honour of the nearby mountain range meaning the venue will hold a Grand Prix under a fourth different name having hosted races under the German , European and Luxembourg Grands Prix titles previously.

While it is unusual for deaths to occur during sanctioned races, there are many accidents and several deaths each year during public sessions.

It is common for the track to be closed several times a day for cleanup, repair, and medical intervention. While track management does not publish any official figures, several regular visitors to the track have used police reports to estimate the number of fatalities at somewhere between 3 and 12 in a full year.

Several touring car series still compete on the Nordschleife , using either only the simple Entry-level competition requires a regularity test GLP for street-legal cars.

Automotive media outlets and manufacturers use the Nordschleife as a standard to publish their lap times achieved with their production vehicles.

About 45, spectators showed up for the main event, the third four-hour VLN race of the season. Conceived largely as a photo opportunity, the lap times were not as fast as the car was capable of, BMW instead choosing to run the chassis at a particularly high ride height to allow for the Nordschleife' s abrupt gradient changes and to limit maximum speeds accordingly.

As part of the festivities before the 24 Hours Nürburgring race, Michael Schumacher and other Mercedes-Benz drivers took part in a promotional event which saw Schumacher complete a demonstration lap of the Nordschleife at the wheel of a Mercedes W Since its opening in , the track has been used by the public for the so-called Touristenfahrten , i.

It is opened every day of the week, except when races take place. The track may be closed for weeks during the winter months, depending on weather conditions and maintenance work.

Passing on the right is prohibited, and some sections have speed limits; the normal traffic rules StVO in German apply also here. The Nürburgring is a popular attraction for many driving enthusiasts and riders from all over the world, partly because of its history and the challenge it provides.

The lack of oncoming traffic and intersections sets it apart from regular roads, and the absence of a blanket speed limit is a further attraction.

Normal ticket buyers on tourist days cannot quite complete a full lap of the On busier days, a mobile ticket barrier is installed on the main straight in order to reduce the length of queues at the fixed barriers.

This is open to all ticket holders. On rare occasions, it is possible to drive both the Nordschleife and the Grand Prix circuit combined.

Drivers interested in lap times often time themselves from the first bridge after the barriers to the last gantry aka Bridge-to-Gantry or BTG time before the exit.

Normal, non-racing, non-timed driving accidents might be covered by driver's insurance, but it is increasingly common for UK insurers especially to insert exclusion clauses that mean drivers and riders on the Nürburgring only have third-party coverage [18] or are not covered at all.

Drivers who have crashed into the barriers, suffered mechanical failure or been otherwise required to be towed off track during Touristenfahrten sessions are referred to as having joined the "Bongard Club".

This nickname is derived from the name of the company which operates the large yellow recovery flatbed trucks which ferry those unfortunate drivers and their vehicles to the nearest exit.

Additionally, those found responsible for damage to the track or safety barriers are required to pay for repairs, along with the time and cost associated with personnel and equipment to address those damages, making any accident or breakdown a potentially expensive incident.

Because it is technically operated as a public toll road, failing to report an accident or instance where track surfaces are affected is considered unlawfully leaving the scene of an accident.

One of the original purposes of the Nordschleife was as a test track for auto manufacturers, and its demanding layout had been traditionally used as a proving ground.

Weekdays are often booked for so-called Industriefahrten for auto makers and the media. With the advent of the Internet, awareness of the Nordschleife has risen in Germany and abroad, in addition to publicity in print media.

In , Porsche reported that their new GT3 had lapped the Nürburgring in under eight minutes, and in subsequent years, manufacturers from overseas also showed up to test cars.

Some high-performance models are promoted with videotaped laps published on the web, and the claimed lap times are generating discussion.

Few of these supercars are actually entered in racing where the claims could be backed up. For sixteen weeks per year, the industry pool Industrie-Pool rents exclusive daytime use of the track for automotive development, and endurance testing.

In addition, during series 17 summer of Top Gear, James May was very critical of the ride quality of cars whose development processes included testing on the Nordschleife , saying that cars which were tested at Nordschleife got ruined.

Multiple layouts of the Nürburgring have been featured in video games, such as the Gran Turismo series , the Forza Motorsport series , iRacing and Assetto Corsa.

Grand Prix Legends , a historic racing simulator also included the Nürburgring on its roster of default Grand Prix tracks. Other pastimes are hosted at the Nürburgring, such as the Rock am Ring , Germany's biggest rock music festival, attracting close to , rock fans each year since In , new commercial areas opened, including a hotel and shopping mall.

This meant there was to be a new owner in , unencumbered by the debts of the previous operation, with the circuit expected to return to profitability.

Düsseldorf -based Capricorn Development was the buyer. The company was to take full ownership of the Nürburgring on January 1, In May , the Nürburgring was set to hold the first Grüne Hölle Rock festival as a replacement for the Rock am Ring festival, [31] but the project did not take place.

The Nordschleife operates in a clockwise direction, and was formerly known for its abundance of sharp crests, causing fast-moving, firmly-sprung racing cars to jump clear off the track surface at many locations.

Although by no means the most fearsome, Flugplatz is perhaps the most aptly although coincidentally named and widely remembered.

The name of this part of the track comes from a small airfield, which in the early years was located close to the track in this area.

The track features a very short straight that climbs sharply uphill for a short time, then suddenly drops slightly downhill, and this is immediately followed by two very fast right-hand kinks.

Manfred Winkelhock flipped his March Formula Two car at the same corner in This section of the track was renovated in [33] after an accident in which a Nissan GTR flew over the fence and killed a spectator.

Drivers are flat out for some time here. The Fuchsröhre is soon after the very fast downhill section succeeding the Flugplatz.

After negotiating a long right hand corner called Aremberg which is after Schwedenkreuz the road goes slightly uphill, under a bridge and then it plunges downhill, and the road switches back left and right and finding a point of reference for the racing line is difficult.

This whole sequence is flat out and then, the road climbs sharply uphill. The road then turns left and levels out at the same time; this is one of the many jumps of the Nürburgring where the car goes airborne.

This leads to the Adenauer Forst forest turns. The Fuchsröhre is one of the fastest and most dangerous parts of the Nürburgring because of the extremely high speeds in such a tight and confined place; this part of the Nürburgring goes right through a forest and there is only about 7—8 feet of grass separating the track from Armco barrier, and beyond the barriers is a wall of trees.

Perhaps the most notorious corner on the long circuit, Bergwerk has been responsible for some serious and sometimes fatal accidents.

The fast kink was also the scene of Niki Lauda 's infamous fiery accident during the German Grand Prix.

This left kink is often referred to as the Lauda Links Lauda left. Although being one of the slower corners on the Nordschleife , the Karussell is perhaps its most famous and one of its most iconic- it is one of two berm -style, banked corners on the track.

Soon after the driver has negotiated the long uphill section after Bergwerk and gone through a section called Klostertal Monastery Valley , the driver turns right through a long hairpin, past an abandoned section called Steilstrecke Steep Route and then goes up another hill towards the Karrusell.

The entrance to the corner is blind, although Juan Manuel Fangio is reputed to have advised a young driver to "aim for the tallest tree," a feature that was also built into the rendering of the circuit in the Gran Turismo 4 and Grand Prix Legends video games.

Once the driver has reached the top of the hill, the road then becomes sharply banked on one side and level on the other- this banking drops off, rather than climbing up like most bankings on circuits.

The sharply banked side has a concrete surface, and there is a foot-wide tarmac surface on the bottom of the banking for cars to get extra grip through the very rough concrete banking.

The Mercedes driver is committed to the fight against Romain Grosjean received an official warning from the stewards for 'moving under braking' during the British Grand According to Mika Hakkinen, it makes sense somewhere that Mercedes was the team that suffered the most punctures Max Verstappen can once again count on compliments from Italy after his performance in the British Grand Prix at Mercedes is the team that will continue to dominate Formula 1 in Ferrari and Red Bull Racing have not managed Valtteri Bottas lost important points and Lewis Hamilton came free with the scare.

Both Mercedes drivers lived Max Verstappen was third in England for the whole race, but finished second because of the flat tire of Valtteri In three laps, three front left tyres of three different drivers suffered punctures during the UK GP.

Pirelli explains Renault was not satisfied with the RP20 of Racing Point. Racing Point's new car was called the pink Mercedes at The second race at Silverstone in England will be driven with softer tyres than the previous race.

After the race Anyone who thinks that the second race at Silverstone might end up like the Steiermark GP may be wrong, as the Alexander Albon has to start challenging Max Verstappen.

That's already quite a challenge for a young F1 driver Max Verstappen looks ahead to this year's second British GP.

The second race will also be held at Silverstone It was quite a boring race at Silverstone for Max Verstappen. The Dutchman finished second but that was mainly The RP20, Racing Point's car for this season, is at times very fast, but often does not show its full potential Thank you for signing up!

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